S. VijayaVenkataRaman, S. Iniyan, L. Suganthi, R. Goic
GHG emission, renewable energy, wind energy, wind energy potential
The most daunting problem of today’s world is the global climate change, which is predominantly due to the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Increasing negative effects of fossil fuel combustion on the environment in addition to limited stock have forced many countries to explore and change to environmentally friendly alternatives that are renewable to sustain the increasing energy demand. Changing to renewable sources and implementation of effective conservation measures would ensure sustainability. Of the three Kyoto agendas, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is widely accepted. Currently, wind energy is one of the fastest developing renewable energy source technologies across the globe, among other renewable energy sources like solar, geothermal, etc. It is high time to assess the wind energy potential of the countries to supplement the growing energy needs. This paper presents the results of the analysis of wind speed data for one calendar year (2009) at 15 important stations in India and the wind energy potential of each site is also presented. The sites where wind energy can be profitably harnessed and the months in which maximum energy can be obtained are briefly discussed. The tropical wet and dry region (places like Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai) and humid sub-tropical region (places like NewDelhi, Patna, Tiruchirapalli), the wind energy potential is found to be high. During the summer or pre-monsoon season and the monsoon season (March – September), the wind energy potential is found to be appreciably higher than that in other seasons.