Technical Proceedings of the 2007 Clean Technology Conference and Trade Show

Clean Technology 2007

Chapter 7: Photovoltaics and Fuel Cells

Authors:
D.E. Moilanen, I.R. Piletic and M.D. Fayer
Affilation:
Stanford University, US
Pages:
199 - 202
Keywords:
fuel cell membranes, water, Nafion, dynamics, structure
Abstract:
The complex environment experienced by water molecules in the hydrophilic channels of Nafion membranes is studied by ultrafast infrared pump-probe spectroscopy. A wavelength dependent study of the vibrational lifetime of the O-D stretch of dilute HOD in H2O confined in Nafion membranes provides evidence of two distinct ensembles of water molecules. While only two ensembles are present at each level of membrane hydration studied, the characteristics of the two ensembles change as the water content of the membrane changes. Anisotropy measurements show that the orientational motions of water molecules in Nafion membranes are significantly slower than in bulk water and that lower hydration levels result in slower orientational relaxation. Initial wavelength dependent results for the anisotropy show no clear variation in the time scale for orientational motion across a broad range of frequencies. The anisotropy decay is analyzed using a model based on restricted orientational diffusion within a hydrogen bonding configuration followed by total reorientation through jump diffusion.
Dynamics of Water in Nafion Fuel Cell Membranes: the Effects of
ISBN:
1-4200-6382-0
Pages:
338