ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit 2011

Showcasers with Primary Industry: Grid-Scale Energy Storage

ABB, Inc.

Title / Name of Technology:Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage System with Direct power Electronics Interface
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Development of ultrahigh field superconducting magnet energy storage system using high performance second generation high temperature superconducting wires, connected to the electrical power distribution grid using advanced, modular, scalable power electronics converters. Key enabling technologies are: ultra high field magnets, high current HTS wires and modular power electronics connection interface.

ADI Solar Corp

Title / Name of Technology:Gasoline production integrated with a continuous solar production facility and a high temperature hydrogen electrolyzer
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:A continuous solar thermal energy storage system, using calcium hydride as the storage medium, is integrated with a solid oxide co-electrolysis process, and a commercial methanol to gasoline process to provide electricity, gasoline, and grid stabilization.

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

Title / Name of Technology:Liquid Air Energy Storage (LAES)
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:LAES is a transformational technology based on a cyclical process which uses excess energy to store air as a cryogenic liquid, which is then warmed to drive a turbine for on-peak power generation. The system’s small footprint enables grid-scale storage siting virtually anywhere on the grid.

Beacon Power Corp.

Title / Name of Technology:A 100 kWh/100 kW Flywheel Energy Storage Module
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Beacon Power is developing a next-generation flywheel energy-storage module that stores 4x the energy at 1/8 the cost-per-energy of current flywheels. The proposed 100kW/100kWh system will be capable of very high cycling and have a 20-year life, ideal for simultaneously addressing multiple grid-scale energy storage applications.


Title / Name of Technology:Low-Cost, High-Energy Density Flywheel Storage Grid Demonstration
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:A combination of advanced fiber technology and superconducting bearings enables the development of a low-cost, extremely high energy-density, high-efficiency flywheel energy-storage system. The superconducting bearings enable high efficiency and high spin rates.

Boston University

Title / Name of Technology:Novel large scale rapid response energy storage and
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:The energy storage and recovery system is based on integrating a reversible solid oxide electrochemical cell stack with a packed bed of W/WO3 (800-850 C). It will store energy as W metal when operated as a steam electrolyzer, and generate electricity from the W metal when operated as a fuel cell. It has a round trip efficiency of 75-80%. This is a cost-effective system that will address variations in peak demand, and the intermittency and ramping challenges for the renewable electric energy.

Bright Energy Storage Technologies

Title / Name of Technology:Underwater Compressed Air Energy Storage
Development Status (other):Bright Energy is prototyping select components.
Brief Description of Technology:Bright Energy's system stores compressed air in flexible long plastic tubes on the bottom of salt- or fresh water bodies greater than 30m deep. Grid-connected surface equipment converts the energy stored in the compressed air to electricity. System capital and operating costs are favorable to alternative approaches.

City College New York

Title / Name of Technology:Low-cost Grid-Scale Electrical Storage using a Flow-Assisted Rechargeable Zinc-Manganese Oxide Battery
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:We will report on CUNY’s latest findings based on our two-faceted development strategy: (i) to map out fundamental structure-property-performance relationships using a myriad of complementary analytical methods, characterization and thinking tools, and (ii) to decouple the characteristics of the manganese oxide (cathode) and flow-assisted zinc (anode) half-cells from one another before tackling the possibly more subtle interactions between the two electrodes in a full cell construction.

EaglePicher Technologies, LLC

Title / Name of Technology:Sodium-Beta Batteries
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:EaglePicher Technologies is teaming with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop the next-generation sodium-beta batteries for the nation’s large-scale energy storage needs. The outcome will have direct impact on establishing U.S. leadership in stationary storage, and will demonstrate a competitive path to cost effective electrical energy storage.

Energy Compression Inc.

Title / Name of Technology:Adsorption-Enhanced Compressed Air Energy Storage
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Zeolites are nano-porous minerals that adsorb air. When cooled below freezing they soak up many times their volume in air, and when warmed back up the air comes out. This enables a new kind of above-ground compressed air energy storage that keeps the pressure constant by cycling the temperature instead.

General Atomics

Title / Name of Technology:Soluble Lead Flow Battery Technology
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:A soluble lead flow battery design where the active lead material is dissolved into methanesulfonic acid, which allows for the use of a single electrolyte and eliminates the need for the separator or membrane material, greatly simplifying system design and cost.

General Compression, Inc.

Title / Name of Technology:Fuel-Free, ubiquitous, compressed air energy storage and power conditioning.
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:General Compression is developing a novel air compression-expansion utility-scale energy storage process (GCAES™) that is highly efficient, burns no fuel, and addresses each of these time frames, all with a goal of making renewable generators electrically indistinguishable from conventional generators.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Title / Name of Technology:Hydrogen Bromine Flow Batteries for Grid Scale Energy Storage
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:The hydrogen bromine flow battery has the potential to deliver a low-cost storage device because of its high power capability. The team, consisting of LBNL, Bosch, DuPont,3M, and Proton Energy, will aim to develop a low-cost device with excellant safety and long life.

MIT Electroville - Liquid Metal Battery

Title / Name of Technology:Liquid Metal Battery
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Grid scale storage technology which achieves bulk storage cost targets without limitations on location.


Title / Name of Technology:Novel Grid Scale Renewable Energy Storage Technology
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:We propose a new frontier in grid-scale energy storage. Electrochemical, thermochemical and mechanical options are environmentally problematic and expensive. Our vision was inspired by observations in art, nature and science. We developed a highly energy dense, efficient, inexpensive, carbon-negative, storage and generation cycle using common fluids and COTS components.

Proton Energy Systems

Title / Name of Technology:Transformative Renewable Energy Storage Devices Based on Neutral Water
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Clean, efficient energy conversion via water-based regenerative fuel cell systems is highly attractive as a renewable technology due to the closed chemical cycle: water to fuel and back to water. The proposed approach uses novel membranes to eliminate high cost materials, decreasing cost and enabling higher efficiencies.

United Technologies Research Center

Title / Name of Technology:Transformative Electrochemical Flow Storage System (TEFSS)
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:UTRC will develop a flow-battery system that uses a novel cell design to deliver 10X higher power density than current state-of-the art flow batteries. This breakthrough will enable a dramatic reduction in the size and cost of the cell-stack, which is the most expensive component of flow-battery systems.

University of Central Florida

Title / Name of Technology:A Novel Sodium Copper Battery for Power Systems
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:This novel approach constitutes an important technological frontier and has great transformational potential for large scale energy storage development. The new battery is especially suited to the energy storage to tens of gigawatts of power and tens of gigawatts-hour of energy, the ultimate goal of the grid scale battery technology in which the absolute safety is required at unattended locations. This technology would have a “disruptive” effect on the grid scale energy storage sector by reducing the cost by five times, while increasing the safety significantly. It could be game changer for the energy storage sector.

University of Southern California

Title / Name of Technology:An Inexpensive and Robust Iron Air Battery for Grid Scale Energy Storage
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:The team is creating an inexpensive, environmentally friendly and high performance iron-air rechargeable battery with radical advancements to round-trip energy efficiency and cycle life by using innovative materials and cell design concepts.

Xtreme Power

Title / Name of Technology:Dynamic Power Resource
Development Status:Ready to Market
Brief Description of Technology:Xtreme Power engineers, manufactures and operates integrated power management and energy storage systems for renewable energy and micro-grid applications. Its Dynamic Power Resource™ offers a comprehensive solution to the variability challenges facing utilities and renewable energy integrators by providing reliable, responsive energy storage and power management via customized, scalable systems.

Platinum Sponsors
Ernst & Young Massachusetts Clean Energy Center Silicon Valley Bank
Gold Sponsors
Autodesk MDB MDB
Corporate Acceleration Partners
Applied Materials Battelle BOSCH BNL
Case Western Reserve University Constellation Energy elstat Dupont
elstat EWI Research Center General Atomics Lockheed Martin
United Technologies Research Center  
*Partner Organizations are participants in programs designed to accelerate technology commercialization.
Silver Sponsor
Research Corporation for Science Advancement
Investor Acceleration Partners
Mohr Davidow Sequoia
*Partner Organizations are participants in matchmaking program for one-on-one meetings with Technology Showcase participants.
Technology Development Partners
Argonne C2B2 C2B2 Idaho National Laboratory
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory NETL NREL Oak Ridge National Lab
Palo Alto Research Center SunShot Initiative The U.S. Department of Energy EERE The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science
Student Patron Program Sponsors
Baruch Future Ventures Mohr Davidow Venrock
Federal Agency Partner
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