ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit 2011

Showcasers with Primary Industry: Carbon Capture


Title / Name of Technology:Inertial CO2 Extraction System -ICES
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:ICES utilizes rocket nozzle technology to desublimate CO2 and separate frozen particles from the swirling supersonic flow. Ice capture duct provides further processing. Intial evaluations showed traceability of the performance towards DOE research goal of no more than 35% cost of electricity increase.

CFD Research Corporation

Title / Name of Technology:Carbon Capture and Desorption
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Carbon nanofiber (CNF) material with adsorption capacity 10x that of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and energy-efficient CO2 regeneration with 10x saving in energy over current regeneration methods. CNFs will preserve many unique properties of CNTs such as natural ability for CO2 physisorption, high thermal and chemical stability and will be 1,000x cheaper than CNTs.

Codexis, Inc.

Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:Codexis is using biotechnology in an effort to develop low-cost catalysts for efficient carbon capture. Enzymes throughout nature catalyze CO2 hydration, however these enzymes have been found to be unstable in carbon capture solvents. Codexis' Directed Evolution technology has allowed creation of low-cost industrial biocatalysts for chemical manufacturing. Recent work has shown promise in applying this technology to carbon capture. Codexis’ ARPA-funded program is designed to create biocatalysts that are highly active and long-lived in desirable carbon capture solvents.

Columbia University

Title / Name of Technology:Chemical and Biological Catalytic Enhancement of Weathering of Silicate Minerals as Novel Carbon Capture and Storage Technology
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Carbon mineralization is a creative and novel approach that will provide a transformational solution for carbon capture and storage (CCS) that is truly safe and permanent by accelerating weathering process of silicate minerals. Its current shortcoming is slow mineral dissolution and CO2 hydration. Thus, we are developing a novel cost-effective CCS technology by applying new Si-targeting chemical catalysts and engineered bio-catalysts (carbonic anhydrase), which has the potential to significantly reduce carbon emissions from power plants without long-term monitoring needs.

Eltron Research & Development

Title / Name of Technology:Direct Loop Combustion
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:Chemical looping process technology for burning co-fed solid fuels (coal or biomass) for power generation. Eltron’s process is comprised of carrier oxidation, direct contact of fuel with the oxidized carrier (and concomitant fuel combustion), adsorption of fuel-borne impurities onto the carrier, and capture of CO2 generated in the combustion process.


Title / Name of Technology:CO2 Capture Process Using Phase Changing Absorbents
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:In a two year project, GE and the University of Pittsburgh will jointly develop a novel CO2 capture process in which a liquid absorbent, upon contact with CO2, changes into a solid powder. The solid can then be separated, and the CO2 released for sequestration by heating. Upon heating, the absorbent returns to its liquid form, where it can be reused to capture more CO2. Because the absorbent solid contains a high percentage of CO2, the energy efficiency of the process is improved over current technology, and compression and capital costs are reduced. This ultimately leads to a lower cost of CO2 capture and a lower cost of electricity compared to plants retrofitted with existing technology.

Georgia Institute of Technology

Title / Name of Technology:High performance MOF/polymer composite membranes for carbon dioxide capture
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Scalable high performance membranes are being developed to economically capture carbon dioxide from power plant flue gases.

Honeywell International

Title / Name of Technology:CO2 Capture Using Ultrasound-Assisted Electrospray Ionic Liquid (UAEIL)
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Highly dispersive, high surface area ionic liquid droplet generation through miniaturized ultrasound source for CO2 capture.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Title / Name of Technology:High-Throughput Discovery of Robust Metal-Organic Frameworks for CO2 Capture
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:New high-throughput synthesis and screening technology is developed and employed in generating robust metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for the efficient capture of CO2 from flue gas. MOFs represent a new class of porous materials holding great promise as solid sorbents capable of selectively binding CO2 with a minimal energy penalty for regeneration.

Lehigh University

Title / Name of Technology:Electric field swing adsorption for carbon capture applications
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Applied electric fields are used to control adsorption/desorption of carbon dioxide in a simple, reversible and energy efficient way, for carbon capture from fixed-point emitters.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Dept. of Chemical Engineering

Title / Name of Technology:Electrochemically-Mediated Separation for Carbon Capture and Mitigation
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:The objective of this project is to develop electrochemically mediated separation (ECMS) processes for the next generation post-combustion CO2 capture technology. This isothermal separation technology utilizes electrical energy to facilitate effective CO2 capture and regeneration under more benign conditions than in traditional thermal-based chemical scrubbing processes.

Nalco Company

Title / Name of Technology:Energy Efficient Capture of CO2 from Coal Flue Gas
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:CO2 Resin Wafer Electrodeionization (CO2_RW-EDI) is an electrochemically driven platform to capture CO2 from flue gas. The process leverages an elegant design that switches pH in the process stream. The result is a method to capture CO2 from flue gas and desorb it without heating, vacuum, or consumptive chemical usage.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Primary Industry (other):Materials and Separation Technology
Title / Name of Technology:High Performance CO2 Scrubbing Based on Hollow Fiber-Supported Designer Ionic Liquid Sponges
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Oak Ridge National Laboratory in collaboration with Georgia Institute of Technology and Sci Tech will work together to develop and integrate designer ionic liquids into hollow fiber platforms as a novel carbon capture system. The objective of this catch-and-release system is to considerably cut the cost and energy of gas uptake and release while making CO2 capture technologies commercially. This benefits the ARPA-E mission to cut energy-related green house gas emissions and ensure the U.S. remains a technological and economic leader in developing advanced energy technologies.

Ohio State University

Title / Name of Technology:Pilot Scale Testing of the Carbon Negative, Product-flexible Syngas Chemical Looping Process
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:The Syngas Chemical Looping (SCL) process can efficiently convert carbonaceous fuels such as coal and biomass into electricity, hydrogen, and/or liquid fuel with zero or negative net CO2 emission.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Title / Name of Technology:Transformative Rapid-Cycle Thermal Swing Adsorption for CO2 Capture
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:A high efficiency approach that recovers and reuses heat in thermal swing adsorption processes. The potential is to reduce energy us by >70% in solid sorbent CO2 capture systems versus commercial technologies. The process is estimated to reduce bed size by a factor of 10.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Title / Name of Technology:CO2-Binding Organic Liquids (CO2BOLs)
Development Status (other):Currently at bench-scale testing
Brief Description of Technology:A water-free and chemically-selective gas capture solvent system. CO2BOLs are a blend of alcohols and bases that chemically capture CO2 as ionic liquids (salts that melt at room temperature).

Porifera, Inc.

Title / Name of Technology:Carbon nanotube membranes for efficient carbon sequestration
Development Status (other):Early stage development
Brief Description of Technology:Carbon nanotube pores support extremely efficient gas transport rates that are up to 100x higher than transport through conventional membrane pores. We are developing selective carbon separation membranes based on the carbon nanotube platform that would combine high permeability with sufficient selectivity to enable cost-effective carbon capture.

RTI International

Title / Name of Technology:Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:RTI International and BASF Corporation are developing non-aqueous CO2 solvent systems that have the potential to reduce the parasitic energy load associated with CO2 capture from power plant flue gas. Preliminary analysis indicates that this family of solvents has the potential to reduce the parasitic energy penalty to approx. 2GJ/t CO2, which is 40% lower than conventional aqueous-amine systems. The strong collaboration between RTI and BASF will also facilitate rapid commercial development and deployment of the proposed novel non-aqueous solvents technology, if successful.

Scientific Applications & Research Associates (SARA), Inc.

Title / Name of Technology:Abundant Pollution-free Electrical Generation (APEG)
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:The technology promises to generate electricity from coal while emitting zero pollution and capturing 100% of the CO2 emissions. The resulting cost of energy is expected to be competitive with today's coal combustion plants.

Sustainable Energy Solutions, LLC

Title / Name of Technology:Cryogenic Carbon Capture
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:Cryogenic Carbon Capture (CCC) is a bolt-on technology that removes CO2 from flue gas by desublimating pure CO2 at half the cost and energy penalty of leading technologies. Secondary advantages include, pollutant removal, water recovery and other plant integration advantages.

Texas A&M University

Title / Name of Technology:Stimuli Responsive Sorbents for Post-Combustion Carbon Capture
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Smart sorbents with high carbon dioxide selectivity and low regeneration energy will be used to capture carbon dioxide from flue gas.

Uni-Control, LLC

Title / Name of Technology:Biological Water Gas Shift Process for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Power Stations.
Development Status:Prototype
Brief Description of Technology:Gasification emits carbon monoxide and hydrogen along with trace elements of contamination. We use a biological process to convert carbon monoxide to hydrogen with no flue-gas treatment. With a combination of existing technologies we can practically eliminate carbon dioxide emissions and reduce IGCC capital and operational costs.

United Technologies Corporation

Title / Name of Technology:CO2 Capture with Enzyme Synthetic Analogue
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:Carbonic anhydrase, one of the fastest enzymes known, is used by air-breathing organisms for CO2 management. A key aspect of its catalytic mechanism can be exploited by incorporating a synthetic analogue of the enzyme in a membrane to facilitate separation of CO2 from power plant flue gases.

University of Colorado at Boulder

Title / Name of Technology:Novel Gelled Ionic Liquid Membranes
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:UC Boulder is developing novel gelled ionic liquid membranes, which provide mechanical rigidity into what is normally a liquid solvent, allowing extremely thin membranes to be fabricated. Since the membrane permeance increases as the membranes become thinner, higher fluxes of CO2 can be selectively passed through the membrane, reducing the cost and size of membrane treatment for flue gas.

University of Kentucky, Center for Applied Energy Research

Title / Name of Technology:A Solvent/Membrane Hybrid Post-combustion CO2 Capture Process for Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants
Development Status:Concept
Brief Description of Technology:The membrane catalytic separator is implemented to solvent based carbon dioxide capture systems (e.g. carbonate or amines) between the absorber and stripper. It selectively rejects water from the permeate and catalytically drives the reaction towards bicarbonate allowing a more concentrated and more easily regenerated solution at the stripper.

University of Notre Dame

Primary Industry (other):Multiple, including carbon capture and other seperations, energy efficiency, waste heat capture, and renewable power
Title / Name of Technology:Ionic Liquids (ILs) for Energy Applications
Development Status (other):ongoing research efforts
Brief Description of Technology:Iionic Liquids are organic salts that remain liquid over a wide range of temperatures. Notre Dame has expertise in the conceptualization, synthesis, characterization, testing and implementation of ILs designed for specific applications, including: capture of specific gases (e.g. CO2) from gas mixtures, working fluids for geothermal energy production, and co-fluids for refrigeration.

Platinum Sponsors
Ernst & Young Massachusetts Clean Energy Center Silicon Valley Bank
Gold Sponsors
Autodesk MDB MDB
Corporate Acceleration Partners
Applied Materials Battelle BOSCH BNL
Case Western Reserve University Constellation Energy elstat Dupont
elstat EWI Research Center General Atomics Lockheed Martin
United Technologies Research Center  
*Partner Organizations are participants in programs designed to accelerate technology commercialization.
Silver Sponsor
Research Corporation for Science Advancement
Investor Acceleration Partners
Mohr Davidow Sequoia
*Partner Organizations are participants in matchmaking program for one-on-one meetings with Technology Showcase participants.
Technology Development Partners
Argonne C2B2 C2B2 Idaho National Laboratory
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory NETL NREL Oak Ridge National Lab
Palo Alto Research Center SunShot Initiative The U.S. Department of Energy EERE The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science
Student Patron Program Sponsors
Baruch Future Ventures Mohr Davidow Venrock
Federal Agency Partner
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