National Quemoy University, Taiwan
Keywords: low-carbon, no-carbon, passive designs, carbon neutralityIn recent years, increasing awareness of global warming and climate change has led to active promotion of sustainable energy and environmental policies globally. For Kinmen, an outlying island on which almost all resources are obtained from outside, it is important to use a sustainable approach to construct buildings and further attain the goal of a low-carbon or even no-carbon community. Thus, raising awareness of a low-carbon lifestyle by educating local residents in the carbon neutral concept is crucial. Using passive designs in building, such as solar and wind power, green roofs, rain water and wastewater recycling, and insulation of the external walls of buildings, will help to accomplish the target of carbon neutrality. This should be done in both macro aspects (the international energy situation and prospects) and micro aspects (energy-efficient solutions for buildings). With a detailed survey, appropriate communities suitable to be developed as “low-carbon communities” are identified. Specific strategies for the candidate communities are planned and further proposed as a project to construct model low-carbon communities. This study will not only lead Kinmen towards becoming a low-carbon society through sustainable development; the outcomes can also be a great example for other cities to develop their own low-carbon communities.